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Delaware Center for Maternal & Fetal Medicine of Christiana Care, Inc.
Abby Medical Center Office: One Centurian Drive, Suite 312, Newark, DE 19713
Christiana Hospital: 4755 Ogletown-Stanton Road, Suite 1992,Newark, DE 19718
Phone: (302) 319-5680    Website: www.DCMFM.com
Glossary

Delaware Center for Maternal and Fetal Medicine has compiled a list of some common terms you may hear during the next few months. If you hear a term that is not listed please do not hesitate to ask our staff.  We are here to help support your pregnancy and provide you with as much information as necessary.

  

  • Amniocentesis
  • A procedure to draw a sample of amniotic fluid which is then analyzed to detect chromosome abnormalities, structural defects and metabolic disorders.
  • Amniotic Fluid
  • The fluid in which the embryo or fetus is suspended within the womb (the embryonic sac inside the uterus).
  • Biopsy
  • The removal and examination of tissue, cells and fluids from the living body.
  • Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS)
  • An alternative to amniocentesis to detect chromosomal abnormalities. The CVS can be performed earlier in fetal development than amniocentesis. This allows for an earlier diagnosis.
  • Chromosomes
  • Thread like linear strands of DNA and associated proteins.
  • Congenital Defect
  • A problem or condition in a human, existing at or dating from birth; acquired during development in the womb (uterus) and not through heredity.
  • Diagnosis
  • The art or act of identifying a disease from its signs and symptoms.
  • Diagnostic Testing
  • A variety of test and procedures performed on a patient to effectively establish a diagnosis. Procedures include laboratory tests, x-rays, ultrasounds and other imaging studies
  • Fetal Abnormality
  • A condition detected in the unborn human that is not the normal or average.
  • Fetal Echocardiography
  • A high resolution ultrasound test to detect heart abnormalities in the fetus.
  • Fetal Medicine
  • A well established and highly sophisticated area of medicine that covers the broad spectrum of conditions potentially treatable before a baby’s birth. It includes fetal surgery (surgery performed on the fetus in the womb prior to birth). Fetal medicine has been practiced for more than 20 years. Also referred to as fetology and prenatal pediatrics.
  • Fetal Therapy
  • Treatment of the unborn human; can be medical and/or surgical.
  • Fetus
  • A developing human, usually defined as three months after conception to birth. Follows the embryo or embryonic stage.
  • Genetic Counseling
  • Medical education of affected individuals and the general public concerning inherited (genetic) disorders.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • A noninvasive diagnostic technique that produces computerized images of internal body tissue and is based on nuclear magnetic resonance of atoms within the body induced by the application of radio waves.
  • Maternal-Fetal Medicine
  • The testing and management of high risk pregnancies; also called perinatology.
  • Neonatal
  • Relating to or affecting the newborn, especially the human infant during the first month after birth.
  • Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
  • An area with a hospital dedicated to the care and treatment of pre-term and critically ill babies.
  • Neonate
  • A child less than one month old.
  • Neonatologist
  • A branch of medicine concerned with the care, development and diseases of newborn infants.
  • Obstetrician
  • A specialist in obstetrics.
  • Obstetrics
  • A branch of medicine that deals with birth.
  • Pediatrician
  • A specialist in pediatrics.
  • Pediatrics
  • A branch of medicine dealing with the development, care and diseases of children.
  • Perinatal
  • Concerned with or being in the period around the time of birth.
  • Perinatologist
  • A specialist in perinatology; typically has 2 to 3 years more training than an obstetrician / gynecologist.
  • Perinatology
  • A branch of medicine concerned with care of high-risk pregnancies. Also called maternal-fetal medicine.
  • Postnatal
  • Occurring, existing or performed after birth.
  • Prenatal
  • Occurring, existing or performed before birth.
  • Sonogram
  • An image produced by ultrasound.
  • Sonographer
  • A person trained in the use of ultrasound.
  • Ultrasound
  • A technique involving the formation of a two-dimensional image used for the examination and measurement of internal body structures and the detection of bodily abnormalities.
  • Uterus
  • An organ in females for containing and nourishing the young during development previous to birth; also called the womb.